Reading Practice – That’s Not Bread

Part 1 – Key Vocabulary

You can listen to the vocabulary lesson here:

Dough means uncooked bread…a mixture of flour, water, and other ingredients that is then baked into bread. Dough is also a slang word meaning money.

  1. I don’t have enough dough to buy a new car.
  2. You need a lot of dough to buy a diamond ring.

Sweet on is an old fashioned word that means to be romantically attracted to someone. You can also use sweet on to mean to be happy about or pleased with a situation.

  1. It seems like Jack is sweet on his new coworker.
  2. The citizens are not sweet on the new sales tax rules.

A tax break is a reduction or discount in the tax someone pays.

  1. In the USA, people can get tax breaks for being married, having kids or buying a house.
  2. Big corporations can get big tax breaks these days.

Practice the Vocabulary

Answer the questions below, enter your name and email and hit send. Michael will reply with feedback within 24 hours.






    Now, enter your name and email address, so Michael can check your answers and send you feedback:




    Part 2 – Read the Story

    Subway Sandwiches Too Sugary To Meet Legal Definition Of ‘Bread’

    You can listen to the article here:

    Ireland’s highest court isn’t sweet on giving tax breaks to Subway, the fast-food sandwich chain. The country’s Supreme Court ruled that the starch used in Subway sandwiches is too sugary to meet the legal definition of “bread.” That would have saved the company some dough. In deciding whether to give Subway a tax break for serving a basic food item, the court ruled that the bread’s sugar-to-flour content is about five times too high to be considered as bread. Subway was not sweet on the court’s decision.

    A 1972 tax law states that if the weight of sugar and fat in a bread product is not more than 2 percent of the total weight of flour in the dough, the company can be taxed at zero percent. But the dough baked for Subway sandwiches has a sugar content of about 10 percent the weight of its flour content.

    The judge in the case said the definition of “bread” was established to distinguish the starch from other baked goods, such as cookies or brownies, that aren’t healthy enough to be considered essential. Subway was in court to try getting a refund for past years’ taxes, saying that the restaurant was not required to meet the legal definition on to-go items such as heated sandwiches, teas and coffees. It seems those tax breaks won’t be served.

    All six of the company’s bread options — Italian white bread, Italian herbs and cheese, nine-grain wheat, hearty Italian, nine-grain multi-seed, and honey oat — were found too sugary by the court to be considered as bread. According to nutrition facts posted by Subway, a 6-inch white bread roll has 5 grams of sugar — similar to that of an Oreo cookie. Based on the court’s decision, Subway won’t be saving any dough any time soon.


    Original Article: https://nypost.com/2020/09/30/subway-sandwiches-dont-meet-legal-definition-of-bread-court/


    Speaking Practic
    Get some speaking practiece by summarizing the basic idea of this story.

    • ✅ You can record up to 60 seconds.
    • ✅ I will send you some feedback about your message within 24 hours.